The resulting symptoms include bone pain, infection (most commonly pneumonias and pyelonephritis), anemia, and renal failure. Patients with myeloma may also feel weak, tired, and confused due to hypercalcemia.
Multiple myeloma is a complex disease that can be treated and managed in many ways. Lengthy remissions can often be achieved, especially in specific genetically defined types of myeloma. Due to advances in treatment options for MM, the proportion of patients who can be considered cured is steadily increasing. A patient diagnosed with low-risk multiple myeloma who receives appropriate treatment can expect to survive more than 10 years.
Reference: Raab MS, Podar K, Breitkreutz I, Richardson PG, Anderson KC. "Multiple myeloma." The Lancet 374(9686):324-339.